IoT in Healthcare: 5 Examples of Successful Implementation

Adopting any new technology in the healthcare world has been perceived to be slow due to the strict governance around data protection, compliance, and the long-drawn processes around testing new healthcare options. This is, of course, to ensure that patient safety is not compromised in any manner. While IoT in healthcare adoption was slow initially, today, the benefits far outweigh the concerns. Remote patient monitoring using IoT and faster diagnosis due to real-time data capture through monitoring are critical factors enabling smart healthcare.

Before the pandemic, the adoption of IoT in healthcare was limited to tracking medical equipment via RFIDs. Poor Wifi coverage and strong firewalls to enforce security were other reasons why smart connected devices did not have any scope to play a value-added role in hospitals. While Individual use of smart devices to monitor health for parameters such as heart rate, temperature, and blood sugar was on the rise, this data was not integrated with the health care provider systems to correlate and diagnose health issues. Doctors, staff, and patients interacted in person or via phone, SMS, and emails.

COVID-19 accelerated the adoption of IoT (or IOMT – Internet of Medical Things) along with AI, telehealth services, and 5G in the Healthcare domain due to several factors such as –

  • Social distancing, to safeguard both patients and caregivers.
  • Maintaining hygiene, personal protective equipment, and a clean environment.
  • Need for regulating patient traffic to minimize risks.

Read more: Internet of Medical Things – The Trigger for Healthcare Transformation

While Telehealth services existed before COVID-19, the adoption was poor. Today, many patients opt for Video or Tele-appointments over phone, tablet, or computer for general or specialty care.

What can IoT do for Healthcare?

  1. In-hospital care
  • Streamlining of processes – IoT and a great patient portal can reduce the inefficiencies of the entire cycle of treating patients within a hospital. Registrations can be done via the patient portal with a trigger from the doctor indicating the operation or treatment for admittance. The hospital management can then allocate the ward based on patient input. The patient can be given a tracking device to monitor the patient continuously and aid the nurses and doctors on entry. The hospital can generate the final release more efficiently based on the IoT devices’ data, such as medicine intake, vital statistics, and test reports generated. Overall, patient data can help hospitals glean information on departments requiring more resources, sale, and procurement of medicine and bottlenecks that need to be ironed out.
  • Monitoring patients and staff through smart devices – Using smart devices, nurses can monitor all patients in the hospital using a common dashboard and alerting mechanisms. Today, smart devices are attached to the patient’s bed that monitor the patient’s vital statistics, oxygen levels, and movement. Doctors and nurses can be tracked and reached out to in emergencies. Walking into an operation theater, they can be reminded to sanitize and wear appropriate gear.
  • Monitoring the environment – Wifi-sensors can monitor the quality and shelf-life of medicines and vaccines. Medical assets integrated with IoT can be tracked with alerts in case of failures or maintenance needs.

2. Emergency care – IoT coupled with Video/Telehealth services and AR can help when the doctor is not available on-premise or a remote specialist has to be brought into an emergency operation. Even while in an ambulance, the right treatment can be imparted on time if directions can be given to the attending nurse using these technologies. In some countries, drones are already being used for life-saving medicines, blood, and organ delivery to remote or disaster zones.

3. Home care – Wearables and home monitoring equipment integrated with IoT help caregivers provide better treatment with quick response time and lower cost. In chronic illnesses, smart devices can track patient health and alert a medical crisis. Video and teleconferencing reduce in-person visits to the doctor. This is very useful, especially for people who live in remote areas, have a disability, or do not lead active lives due to old age. This kind of hybrid care enables follow-up on patients after hospitalization and data for advanced treatment planning, promoting personalization in healthcare.

Healthcare IoT use cases – Successful connected healthcare implementations

Here are five examples of successful implementations of IoT in healthcare –

1.Connected inhalers

Inhalers are used to treat Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD), i.e., Chronic inflammatory lung diseases such as Asthma. They are of two main types –

  • Chronic Bronchitis – causes long-term cough with mucus
  • Emphysema – results in damage to the lungs

People suffering from COPD often have unpredictable attacks. Inhalers provide the required medication directly into the lungs, but its effectiveness depends on how much of the medication goes into the lungs. A short delay between inhalation and drug delivery can reduce the amount of medicine absorbed. Also, patients with COPD need to take a disciplined approach to take care of their health.

IoT-connected inhalers can therefore help by monitoring the frequency of attacks, collecting environmental data such as air quality to understand what triggered an attack, and tracking the actual intake of medicine. This connection via Bluetooth to mobile devices and corresponding apps can provide necessary data points for the doctors to understand the patient’s level of illness and modify dosage accordingly or proceed with alternative treatment.

In addition, these smart inhalers can also alert patients to take them along while leaving home or even find them at home.

ProAir Digihaler is an IoT integrated inhaler developed by Jerusalem-based Teva Pharmaceuticals. It requires a prescription and can be used by 4-year-olds and above. It connects to its mobile app, recording data such as the amount of inhalation and the corresponding timestamp. It can instruct the patient to use the device regularly and correctly.

2. Personal health monitoring

Wifi-enabled wearables that track the user’s vitals, activities, and overall environment have been in the market much before hospitals opened the gates for IoT. Many wearables such as smartwatches, pedometers, smart bracelets, and other jewelry track heart rate, body temperature, sleep patterns, steps climbed, or distance covered in a day. This includes pandemic-related parameters such as oxygen levels and alerting mechanisms to keep hands sanitized. Tying this data back to the healthcare provider enables preventive care and can check the deterioration of the patient’s conditions.

Apple Watch Series 6 enhances the previous series, which gives the user oxygen saturation levels with greater accuracy. This and heart rate monitoring will provide insights into early signs of respiratory conditions. Apple is also working with the University of California, Irvine, and Anthem to research how longitudinal measurements of blood oxygen and other physiological signals can help manage and control asthma.

3. Home monitoring of chronic diseases

Multiple interconnected IoT devices can be used to manage medications, symptoms, and vitals at home. The data from the devices are pushed to the platform on the cloud, which monitors and sends out alerts to caregivers and family members based on the condition.
The platform also tracks the effectiveness of the drugs administered to make necessary changes to the dosage.

Quio is one such cloud platform used for monitoring chronic illnesses and enabling patients with better healthcare, lesser in-patient visits, and even lesser ER scenarios. It also provides a platform for patients to enroll in research anonymously.

Pfizer and IBM recently developed a “Parkinson’s house” that has sensors on everything, which helps detect even the slightest variation in a patient’s movements. The data that’s collected is then uploaded to the cloud platform. Scientists then use this to analyze the patient’s progress and medication responsiveness.

4. Asset monitoring

As per GE Healthcare, only 38% of hospital inventory gets utilized. Most of it is misplaced, stolen, or just cannot be found when needed. Besides lack of visibility, there is also poor maintenance of healthcare equipment which is a massive cost to the hospitals.

IoT devices integrated with healthcare equipment help track the equipment at all times. It facilitates quick response time in an emergency. Therefore, the quality and maintenance of the equipment are also streamlined with the data collected regularly.

NexLeaf Technologies is one such company working towards improving healthcare in less developed countries. One of its products, ColdTrace, provides remote tracking of vaccine refrigerators to enable caregivers to use vaccines and medication safely and judiciously.

5. Insurance Incentive

Insurance companies adopt IoT wearables like fitness bands and phone applications to incentivize their customers and discount their health premiums. Not only is it beneficial to their customers, but great for the insurance business.

Boston-based Manulife Insurance’s insurance unit John Hancock gives a 25% discount on health insurance for all those open to using an app and other gadgets to monitor their health. The John Hancock Vitality Program is a tie-up with Vitality that distributes free fitbits to track and advise on an individual’s health.

It also offers the Vitality Aspire program for Diabetes Type1 and Type2 patients with diabetes management tech provided by Onduo.

How to ensure a successful rollout for IoT solutions in healthcare

IoT Architecture comprises of –

  1. Sensors, actuators, and other detection devices that collect data. In the field of healthcare, this could be IoT devices tagged with healthcare equipment such as wheelchairs or devices that measure vitals of patients such as temperature sensors, smartwatches, ECG monitoring, etc.
  2. Data received from the sensors and actuators are digitized since some could be analog devices. This could be done by a mobile device, tablet, or desktop.
  3. Digitized data is pushed to the cloud, processed and standardized, and stored for analysis.
  4. Data analysis for efficient decision-making. In this case, it would be achieving the correct diagnosis, improving or changing the treatment, monitoring medication in the case of a patient. In the case of healthcare equipment, it would provide visibility into actual usage, maintenance cost, etc., enabling streamlining of processes. Using AI, the data can be mined to give faster means to diagnose or treat.

A successful rollout of Healthcare IoT (HIOT) architecture would require a good WLAN for enabling connectivity across devices. It would need a robust IT infrastructure to enforce high security across the various connected devices and platforms. Going with cloud-native or hybrid or on-premise IT infrastructure would depend on the existing systems in the landscape that would be critical to integration, HIPAA guidelines, and other compliance policies. A support platform will need to be included in this architecture to maintain the smart devices as the reliability of an IoT Healthcare system depends on their functioning.

With Fog architecture becoming more common, data processing is done at the node where the data is collected. E.g., a Heart Rate Monitor measures the current heart rate and can track variations and notify critical changes or levels. Since data is processed/pre-processed at the collection point, the output data can be in a standard digitized format. This enables the use of existing network infrastructure for communication.

If your organization is buying a HIOT solution off the shelf, it still requires integration with the existing systems, standardization of data, upgrade of your communication network, deciding on the cloud infrastructure, and overall IT security. We at Trigent can help you reach your HIOT implementation goals.

Ensure a successful HIoT implementation. Call us for a quick consultation.

(Originally published on ReadWrite)

IoT Asset Management Solutions for the Media & Entertainment Industry

IoT adoption, coupled with cloud platforms and Big Data analysis, provides the Media and Entertainment industry a significant boost to utilizing their machine and human assets. IoT (Internet of things) refers to the ecosystem of connected smart devices and environmental sensors that track assets, machine or human, across locations. 

Without IoT, asset management solutions are limited by delays and errors in manual data collection, under-utilization of assets, poor maintenance and reporting. This loss translates to a lack of awareness of real-time consumer needs, poor utilization of assets, theft, and limited data to predict overall and personalized content consumption in the media and entertainment industry. 

The Media and Entertainment industry can now make better-informed decisions by harvesting the multiple facets of consumer data such as location, time of day, parallel activities tied to consumption, age group, and region. They can develop more detailed consumer profiles that enable them to target ads and personalize content accordingly, providing higher degrees of satisfaction.

IoT bridges the physical and digital world. In general, it enables Asset management through four layers-

  • Data acquisition
    1. Sensors help detect or measure parameters such as light, sound, temperature, humidity, pressure, biometrics, proximity, acceleration, and GPS.
    2. Smart devices act upon the sensor’s input or capture input by themselves –  smartphones, wearables, smart TVs, gaming consoles, and home automation devices.
  • Data consolidation – Gateways collect and consolidate data from sensors and smart devices and transfer them to cloud platforms using a higher bandwidth. They can communicate using multiple protocols such as cellular, Bluetooth, wi-fi, and Ethernet. They also serve as a security layer for the devices.
  • Data hooks  – IoT platform collects data from the gateways or devices, processes, or directly transfers it to applications on the cloud for further processing, analysis, and action. This ties it to cloud platforms and machine learning.
  • Data visibility – Dashboarding and reporting to understand and utilize the insights to predict the future needs of content.

The meteoric rise in connected devices provides a massive opportunity for the Media industry. Consumers get to control what to watch and when to watch it while the content providers gain rich insights into the consumer’s preferences. Some of the key areas where IoT has contributed to the industry in a big way along with overall asset management  –

  1. Immersive content 
  2. Personalized content 
  3. Targeted advertising 
  4. Asset Management

Unique streaming experiences with immersive content

Let’s take the example of the Entertainment industry in the gaming arena. Augmented reality with the aid of IoT devices such as smartphones, tablets, portable gaming consoles provides the highest form of immersive entertainment. AR integrates real-world elements with the virtual world by superimposing the virtual on the real. 

A classic example of the initial showcasing of the power of IoT and AR is Pokemon GO. The game incorporates the real world through maps and smartphones, with fictional characters across the globe. It caused a stir among all age groups making them run all around town trying to gather Pokemon characters. This was in 2016. 

Today a number of the big brands are building an entire ecosystem around AR, Virtual Reality (VR), and IoT for entertainment. There’s Facebook’s AR Glasses, Microsoft’s Kinect as a motion-sensing add-on for XBOX 360, Amazon AR player, AR Emojis using a phone’s camera by Snapchat, Disney, and more. 

Disney is coming up with some disruptive AR and IoT amalgamation to track and notify guests with helpful information on delays on rides or who the particular entertainment is for, depending on where they are in the park. In the future, Disney, given its resources, could well come up with smart devices for some fantastic AR gamification experiences within the park.

Back to the mainstream world of TV, Smart TVs, streaming by OTT providers, and OTT platforms have revolutionized content watching from watching on a specific day at a particular time when the show is aired to binge-watching an entire series. Chrome casting is another new feature that enables you to watch uninterruptedly across devices, from your phone to your TV, be it the latest TED talks or the latest music trend on youtube.

The future holds unique streaming experiences with immersive live events using IoT devices, VR headsets, AR glasses, and more to huge segmented crowds.

Personalized content with user persona and viewer data

With the increasing number of smart devices, content is largely digital and not limited to viewing or listening at home.  You could be on a walk, cycling with friends, exercising, driving your car back home. For instance, based on your location or activity, the music platform you listen to could provide you with upbeat, soothing, or party music. Wearable devices, mobile phones, tablets, and social media data that can be picked from a household pretty much provide a detailed map of the family’s composition, their preferences and needs, their friend circle, and more. 

OTT providers such as Netflix already create multiple user profiles to engage with a family and not just an individual. Based on what you watch, what ratings you provide, through AI, they can figure out what kind of content you would like in the future and what kind of content demographic you fall under. Content is personalized to the level of an individual in a family using the personas and viewer data. 

Taking the social angle from the Facebook gaming world, Netflix came up with Teleparty to stream movies in sync with friends, each using their account and chatting. This was a big hit since group activities were not possible during the pandemic. This social data is something that Netflix, Disney, and others can use further to investigate group dynamics concerning content and advertising.

Targeted advertising with tailored campaigns

Earlier televisions would show ads to everyone without really knowing whether they were able to reach the target audience. There was no way of filtering it out for whom it was not relevant. 

Today thanks to digitally available content and OTT, Media and Entertainment companies can track consumers across devices. 

Consuming content on devices such as smartphones, tablets, wearables, etc., also aids in providing additional information on users in terms of location, time of day, whether they are moving, exercising, or are stationary. Through the multiple connected devices in a home, we can paint a picture of the family, which helps in targeting ads based on their specific needs.

Based on the data captured through wearables and other smart devices, we can now glean metrics on how many people saw a particular ad across devices and how many converted. Further, such detailed user information helps to tailor impactful campaigns and offers for highly effective revenue generation.

Nuances of IoT asset management solutions

Asset Management, in general, comprises of:

  1. Tracking moving assets – In the case of the Media and Entertainment industry, it could be electronic bracelets used by customers in an adventure park to guide them and give them a richer experience.
  2. Monitoring – Monitoring the health of an asset such as a setup box, checking if it’s connected to wi-fi, whether it has a technical error, and racking the usage.
  3. Workflow Automation – Use a voice-activated assistant to switch on/off an asset, decrease or increase the volume of a music system or TV, cast what you are watching on the phone to a TV.
  4. Maintenance – Based on the tracking and monitoring of assets, predictive maintenance. Detect technical faults in the asset using IoT devices such as a Home assistant and then proactively notifying the customer for maintenance.
  5. Security – At the company’s end, the digital assets need to be secured with authentication and role-based authorization to access, collaborate and add content. At the end-consumer end, assets need to be secure to prevent hacking into sensitive personal information.

Using IoT, Mobile, Chatbot, and Artificial Intelligence (AI), Entertainment companies can provide the best customer service. This is very evident at the end customer level. For example, when they choose a TV provider, and a setup box is delivered to them. Earlier, the provider needed to send a person to set it up completely. Today, with the aid of a chatbot on their website or mobile app, a customer can follow the steps to do so. Besides, the setup box is intelligent enough to figure out whether there is network connectivity or not and notify the viewer. 

Similarly, when there is a technical issue or a bill is not paid, the provider can send messages to be viewed either on the home screen of the TV or the customer’s mobile app or phone. Even if the customer faces a technical issue, she can get onto the app and start the diagnostics with the chatbot guiding her. This saves valuable time for the customer support team, which can then focus on more significant problems. It can also help have a smaller, highly skilled support team as the smart devices are connected and work things out with minimal human intervention.

Digital Home Service (DHS) is a cloud-based Oracle solution for set-top-box and service-intensive pay-TV operators. It combines Oracle IoT, mobile, chatbot, AI, and Oracle cloud platform with modern digital customer management to deliver the next generation of digital home service capabilities. This helps to reduce the effort and improve the efficiency of customer service and field services teams.

Today’s world of Smart TVs, gaming consoles, music systems, lighting, Air conditioning are IoT-enabled and interact easily with voice-activated Smart Home devices such as Alexa,  Google Assistant, Roomie Remote. Switching on/off, increasing or decreasing volumes, searching for content or information, playing music, and more can be done by using just one assistant that communicates with and manages all our smart devices. 

Content security is another critical facet to be considered. Data and devices surround everyone, including children. There are many ways to bring in parental control both on devices and platforms to ensure that children see age-appropriate content. Each IoT device and asset collects data, be it your security camera, fridge, or Amazon Echo. This makes them potential threats to privacy and overall security from cybercriminals. 

They can hack into your devices, monitor your activities, steal data both digital and physical, depending on how you have addressed your home’s security. Therefore securing the IoT environment at home is essential. We are slowly moving towards biometric security instead of using not-so-secure and multiple passwords.

IoT Asset Management solutions, therefore, bring endless possibilities to take Media and Entertainment to unimaginable heights. It serves as a powerful predictive monitoring tool that helps with asset maintenance and gives deep insights into the end consumer. Every day there are newer and better IoT devices in the market. A Media and Entertainment house would do well to invest in an intelligent IoT framework early on. We at Trigent can help you reach your IoT asset management goals. 

Call us for a quick consultation.

(Originally published in ReadWrite )

Can Salesforce IoT Cloud Fill the Customer Experience Gap?

With the onset of the pandemic, organizations worldwide fast-tracked their digital transformation endeavors overhauling their internal tech stack and data capabilities. An immediate need to move physical operations online largely propelled the process. From closing sales deals over business dinners, we had quickly moved to engage with clients in digital spaces.

Among the many challenges, the pandemic ushered in the one that daunted every organization was ensuring a stellar customer experience against all odds. Salesforce is helping enterprises combat modern challenges in a digital-first selling world with Salesforce IoT cloud solutions that can help them soar and serve their customers better.

Salesforce known for its cutting-edge solutions has been consistently deploying emerging innovative technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT) to empower them. IoT is driving business growth by enabling real-time management of critical systems across industries. It comes as no surprise that the global IoT cloud platform market is all set to cross USD 5262.7 million by 2025.

The high demand for automation across sectors has contributed to the growth of the IoT-connected machines market. By 2027, the global IoT connected machines market is predicted to touch USD 1.3 trillion with North America holding a dominant position with its 2019 revenues standing at USD 91 billion.

Explains Warren Wick, EVP AMER Commercial Sales and Chief Revenue Officer1, Sales Cloud, “Over the past year, we held more than six million calls with customers to understand what they needed to be successful as they worked to transform their business with more urgency than ever before. We’ve reimagined Sales Cloud to guide every company as they rethink the digital sales experience, from leads to coaching to processing revenue.”

Enterprises are now generating 21% more sales leads every day in 2021 as compared to the previous year thanks to Salesforce. There are several success stories to tell when it comes to Salesforce and the many organizations it has been helping worldwide to drive growth and offer a better customer experience. With IoT Cloud, Salesforce is also helping them bridge the customer experience gap. We will tell you how.

The IoT edge from Salesforce

IoT is an ecosystem; one where physical objects are connected across geographies through an IP address that connects them via the Internet. The devices connect, communicate, and help users come up with real-time insights and analytics to improve business outcomes. Salesforce has been offering IoT services through Salesforce IoT Cloud, Salesforce IoT explorer, and Salesforce Einstein services, to facilitate data collection and analysis.

As per a survey conducted by Forbes Insights in collaboration with Intel2 involving 700 executives from diverse industries, it was observed that practically all the industries had witnessed significant improvements in several areas including customer experience.

Salesforce IoT Cloud connects devices, apps, sensors, software, etc. to collect contextual data and give a better understanding of the customer journey. This enables enterprises to engage with customers and help them better with proactive customer support. While many have been investing in IoT adoption, their success rate varies greatly. But those who have leveraged the Salesforce platform have been able to integrate the data obtained from IoT into their CRM systems to reimagine the way they serve, sell, and promote. Most importantly, it has helped them take a step further towards their customers closing the experience gap in the most meaningful manner.

Customer experience has always been looked upon as a critical factor for enhancing customer satisfaction, brand loyalty, and revenues. Salesforce understands this well and offers a world of benefits to its users. The top ones include:

Seamless connectivity between devices and users

The profiles of customers are linked to the devices they use and this creates seamless connectivity to streamline operations and respond to events in real-time. Tesla’s self-driving cars are a classic case in point and set an example as to how much you can achieve with IoT.

General Motors with its crisis assistance services came as a savior during hurricane Dorian wherein it could help those trying to escape the hurricane with real-time direction, free calls, routing to shelter and basic amenities, an in-vehicle WiFi hotspot, and much more.

Real-time analysis based on context

Without customer context, it would be impossible to analyze past behaviors and take remedial action in real-time. Machine learning plays a big role in providing it. Data collected from diverse locations and devices give a realistic picture of what’s happening and where taking into account customer history, service history, and location.

Opportunities to serve better

With so much information at hand, you get to know exactly how the products are performing, whether they are due for maintenance, are there any new updates, is the warranty about to expire, etc. Salesforce IoT Cloud helps you manage all of this with the help of predefined rules that are orchestrated based on performance metrics.

The Sales and Support teams are instantly notified if the product fails to perform as per the expected standard. This kind of data helps in predicting behaviors while providing opportunities to enhance customer retention.

Offers a low-code, user-friendly platform

The fact that Salesforce employs low-code ensures that enterprises don’t have to recruit dedicated staff or a data scientist to manage IoT-related processes. A few clicks and you get all the information you need.

With the right triggers and responses in place, IoT takes away the stress and sends data to relevant platforms. A simple act like generating a lead form for a customer whose product is about to fail can have a positive impact on the customer experience while ensuring a substantial reduction in costs.

A win-win for all

A proactive approach strengthened by the extraordinary capabilities of Salesforce IoT Cloud enables you to understand your customers and engage with them in more meaningful ways. Salesforce allows you to export your IoT data in whichever format you want. It is easy to integrate into diverse business environments and there are multiple use cases that are currently being powered by IoT.

Salesforce Einstein with the help of AI technologies helps teams across departments like sales, marketing, and IT become more predictive and proactive when it comes to offering a stellar customer experience. Salesforce IoT Cloud empowers enterprises with IoT-driven tools and data-driven solutions to build trust and fill the customer service gap efficiently.

As Victor Abelairas, GM of Tridium Innovation at Honeywell Connected Enterprise explains, “Our sellers were able to continue their sales process virtually without skipping a beat. But more importantly, we were able to empower the rest of the company to stay engaged with the sales team and know what was happening with customers at all times, without having the day-to-day interaction in the office that they were used to. At the end of the day, we want to provide a better customer experience by understanding our customers more holistically than we would have otherwise.”

Deliver a better customer experience with Trigent

Our team of Salesforce consultants can help you integrate Salesforce IoT Cloud within your business environment to help you respond faster and serve better.

They understand exactly what it takes to enhance productivity and improve revenues. They can help you understand the many nuances of Salesforce IoT Cloud right from IoT implementation to customization to create engaging customer experiences.

Call us today to book a consultation and discover infinite possibilities with Salesforce IoT Cloud adoption.

References

  1. https://www.expresscomputer.in/news/salesforce-reimagines-sales-cloud-to-drive-growth-in-a-sell-from-anywhere-world/74233/
  2. https://www.forbes.com/sites/insights-inteliot/2018/08/24/how-iot-is-impacting-7-key-industries-today/?sh=7ad9ef9e1a84

Internet of Things – Three Popular Development Boards

The Internet of Things (IoT) is developing at a rapid pace, as a result of the availability of small, inexpensive computing hardware. IoT development boards combine micro-controllers, processors, wireless chips, and other components in a pre-built, ready-to-program package. Development boards come in various configurations and here are three popular ones.

Arduino Uno

The Arduino UNO is an open-source microcontroller development board based on the ATmega328P(datasheet) which has:

  • 14 digital input/output pins
  • 6 analog inputs
  • A 16 MHz quartz crystal,
  • A USB connection,
  • A power jack,
  • An ICSP header and
  • A reset button

The Arduino Software (IDE) runs on Windows, Macintosh OSX, and Linux operating systems. The Arduino IDE supports the languages C and C++ using special rules of code structuring.

Applications:

Few applications of the Arduino Uno boards are:

  • Robotics and Control Systems
  • Home and Industry Automation
  • Traffic Light Countdown Timer
  • Underground Cable Fault Recognition
  • Controlling of Electrical Appliances using IR
  • Parking Lot Counter
  • Weighing Machines
  • Medical Instrument
  • Emergency Light for Railways
  • Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights
  • Biotechnology
  • Agriculture

Pros:

  • Inexpensive
  • Cross-platform
  • Simple, clear programming environment
  • Open source and extensible software and hardware
  • Large support of community

Cons:

  • Memory limitations
  • Less powerful
  • Processing power is weaker than the microcontroller
  • Requires effort to accomplish some tasks such as scheduling and database storage

Transform your industry and disrupt the competition with IoT

Raspberry Pi 3

Raspberry Pi is a fully functioning credit card-sized computer, which runs on a customized Debian Linux called Raspbian. Like a computer, a Pi has a memory, processor, USB ports, audio output, a graphic driver for HDMI output.

Pi is a powerful platform based on a Broadcom BCM2837 SoC with a:

  • 2 GHz 64-bit quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 processor
  • 1GB RAM

Raspberry Pi 3 is equipped with:

  • 4 GHz WiFi 802.11n
  • Bluetooth 4.1
  • 10/100 Ethernet port

Advantages of Raspberry Pi over Arduino:

Raspberry Pi Arduino
Multitasking and suitable for complex projects Runs one program at a time, used for repetitive work
Suitable for software projects Suitable for hardware projects
No limiting to programming language Limited to Arduini, C/C++
Built-in Ethernet port for networking Need to connect external hardware and implement coding
Act as a server and communicate to other computers, connected devices. Excels in controlling small devices like sensors, motors, and lights

Applications of Raspberry Pi:

  • Media Streamer
  • Arcade machine
  • Tablet computer
  • Home automation
  • Carputer
  • Internet radio
  • Controlling robots
  • Cosmic Computer
  • Hunting for meteorites and Coffee
  • Raspberry based projects

Pros:

  • Super powerful with lots of memory and processing capabilities. Expandable memory.
  • Linux based OS and now even Windows 10 can be run on top of it to make processing more user-friendly.
  • A lot of GPIOs available, and the more the GPIOs, the more sensors you can interface.
  • If you have experience with Linux, it’s very easy to get started with it, otherwise it will take some time to get the hang of it.
  • Python, C, C++, Ruby, Go and many more can be used to program the Pi exactly the way you can code any computer.
  • People have successfully used Pi to run Open CV , data mining algorithms etc. and connected the results to various applications.
  • In terms of cost, better than an Arduino with Ethernet shield.
  • Great on-line community and endless possibilities of what can be done using it.

Cons:

  • You need good knowledge of Linux systems to get things moving
  • The processing power will be an overkill processing-wise for most of the applications since we will use it only to send data across.
  • Closed source.
  • Power hungry.

NodeMCU

The NodeMCU is an open source firmware, built around a System-on-a-Chip (SoC) called the ESP8266, and features:

  • Wi-Fi capability
  • Analog pin
  • Digital pins
  • Serial communication protocols

Applications of NodeMCU:

  • Geolocation using ESP8266
  • ESP8266 based wireless server
  • Pressure Sensors on Railway Tracks
  • Air Pollution Meter
  • Humidity and temperature monitoring
  • Wi-Fi controlled robot
  • Temperature logging system
  • M2M using ESP8266
  • Make your personal assistant

Pros:

  • Provided inbuilt WiFi functionality
  • Cost-effective
  • Integrated support for WIFI network
  • Low energy consumption

Cons:

  • It is a 3.3V device, so it may not be compatible with some peripherals
  • Lack of official documentation
  • WiFi code takes a lot of CPU power

Trigent helps global companies to apply IoT Command Control and Coordination systems to solve real-world business problems. To know more visit: Disruptive Technologies.

Glossary:

ATmega328P – Single-chip microcontroller created by Atmel in the megaAVR family

BCM2837– Broadcom chip

ESP8266 – A low-cost Wi-Fi microchip capable of either hosting an application or offloading all Wi-Fi networking functions from another application processor.

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References:

Strategize your Business Around The Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is here and now. It is the first step to make your business truly digital. And it starts with your things – your line – of – business assets and the data they produce, your cloud services, and your business intelligence tools. By implementing a strategy to take advantage of the opportunity that Internet of Things offers, you can go beyond sustaining your business and make it a disruptor that shakes up the entire field.

Start with Your Things but Avoid “Big Bang” Approach

The IoT can be overwhelming because of the hype and confusion around it. Instead of being panicked by the huge universe of things made up of billions of assets, think about it as the Internet of Your Things. Focus on the right areas of your business that provide quick and tangible return. If you have operations, you can start with it – connecting systems and line-of-business assets to deliver better performance visibility – driving toward predictive maintenance and helping reduce downtime.

Related: Embrace digital transformation, remaster your business, stay ahead of the curve.

IoT starts with identifying the one process, product line, or location that matters the most to you, then making small and incremental changes for a big impact. For example, connect robots on the factory floor with back-end systems and create a production line with more continuous up-time. Add expiration dates to the data set for pharmacy inventory and save thousands of dollars in wasted medications. Connect one handheld device to your inventory system and suddenly you’ve got real-time customer service on the sales floor.

Build on Your Existing IT Assets

Start with your existing IT assets and build upon them. Add a few new assets, connect them using IoT services – Microsoft Azure Internet of Things (IoT) – and the cloud, and enable them to talk to each other, to employees, and to customers. The rapid proliferation of connected assets and devices raises challenges due to the variety of platforms and protocols. Connect your current and diverse line-of-business assets using Azure IoT services which also enables you to pull in data from very large numbers of devices and other business systems.

Use Cloud Computing To Manage Data Deluge and Derive Insights

Cloud computing offers scalable data collection, processing, and analysis capabilities that are flexible to the needs of your business. Cloud solutions give businesses the ability to store and process significant amounts of data, whether it’s latent or in real time; store that data; and apply rules and structure to it for consumption. Cloud computing technology and a flexible consumption-based price structure associated with off-premises hybrid, private, or public cloud compute models have created the ability to deliver new offerings to market, which were simply not achievable in the past.

The cloud also enables more data to be unlocked by enabling you to pull data in, from different sources, and across different line-of-business assets and devices. This data may arrive structured, unstructured or somewhere in between. It may arrive regularly or intermittently. Despite this variability, by providing a framework for the data, it can be automated—through filters, rules, triggers or other means—the intelligent processing of that data.

Partner with a IoT Service Provider For IoT Talent and Skills

To fill the IoT knowledge gap, companies are taking the most common steps – up-skilling existing staff through training on IoT-related skills, recruiting talent with IoT aptitudes, and partnering with IoT service or solution providers.

Companies moving from research to the planning stage need employees who understand the technology underlying the IoT, such as wireless systems, networks and sensors. Once products are in development, sales and marketing employees will need to be able to sell the benefits of the IoT in terms that consumers can understand, and companies will require armies of “data scientists” to analyze all the sensor-generated information.

So, How Do I Accelerate My IoT Journey?

Successful IoT requires significant expertise both from a solution delivery and business advice perspective. You need an IoT partner who can empower you to transform the raw data from your line-of-business assets into actionable insights and business results.

With unique expertise across Cloud, Digital Transformation, Analytics, and Big Data, Trigent can partner with you from ideation to implementation and provide your team the tools and frameworks to help arrive at the perfect business solution

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