AI in Education – A Realistic Look at the Effectiveness of AI in the Education Sector

A realistic view of the current adoption rate of AI in education, and pointers on how to ensure that it works, amidst the digital-learning hype.

When the kids in Montour school district (PA, USA) turned up to school that day in the fall of 2018, they were in for a surprise. They were told they would begin a brand-new course on Artificial Intelligence (AI). What on earth was AI? And what could it mean to kids in classes 5 and 6?

But this was a serious matter. MIT Media Lab and Media, Arts and Science Department at MIT, had come together and proposed to ‘catch them young’. The idea was to make an early introduction to concepts and practical AI lessons for middle school kids. All students from classes 5 to 8 would go through the AI Ethics program to identify use cases of gender / racial biases, privacy, and fairness. By the end of the 3-day course, they would know if such biases were embedded into the programs they would work on.

Welcome to generation AI. This makes millennium kids look antiquated. This new breed is sensitized to the good of AI and is aware of where it could go wrong. 

That is not all. Montour School district STEM teacher has co-developed a six-week program with Carnegie Mellon Dept of Computer Science called AI in Autonomous Robotics for 7 and 8-grade students. The implementation rigor here is quality stuff as kids are asked to solve real-world problems. 

Amper Music, the world’s first AI music composer and producer, has worked with music faculty at the school to develop a 10-day AI Music program for class 7 and 8 students. This school district is certainly leading the AI drive firing on all cylinders.

A host of universities, AI software firms, educators, and AI experts are coming together like never before to create early engagement for school kids into the AI world. And unlike what most of us would have thought: It is not only about STEM. In fact, the philosophy is to move from STEM to STEAM (with a liberal dose of Art – music, media, entertainment) thrown in for good measure. And this is happening in several pockets across the US.

AI in education sector – AI is here to stay, and the US campuses are already doing it

Across the United States, AI penetration within the education sector is tangible but may not be visible to the untrained eye. While varying in level of experimentation, schools and higher education institutes have embraced the tech and decided to learn how to harness its powers. 

Pittsburg-based Carnegie Learning1 offers AI-based personalized math, applied sciences, and language programs for post-high school students to rediscover learning. The entire program is personalized and self-paced, giving a new approach to STEM learners post-K12 schooling. The results demonstrated in some school districts in Washington and Texas prove the program creates a positive impact.

Duolingo2 is an amazingly popular AI-based customized language learning tool that allows anyone to learn a language. This is based on machine-driven instructions optimized for students based on millions of similar learning sessions held earlier. And most of the learning is for free.

California-based Content Technologies3 is a pioneer in AI and has developed several advanced AI systems for education. The Cram 101 is an AI tool that converts any textbook fed to it into chapter-wise byte-sized summaries, true or false type questions, learning concepts in record time. The company has developed similar tools for different disciplines such as nursing education, high school, and so on.

Some of the interesting outcomes of the approach of starting them young came from a US scientist, Ms. Druga, who built Cognimates, an AI platform for building games and programming robots and training AI models. Cognimates was incubated in MIT Media Labs. 

In a three-year study, where kids were taught to program bots to play games such as Rock and Scissors and build gaming applications using AI. One of the most profound observations came from Druga: When the kids came out after a session and said – “the computer is smart, but I am smarter”.

This was a powerful endorsement of how a young student comes away with a high level of confidence in the programmability of the computer to do what she wants it to do. This clearly establishes the argument about why AI perhaps should be started early on in school.

Next steps in playing this right – How can AI be used in education?

In general, schools and Universities must do the following to stay abreast of the AI curve and help imbue its benefits within the communities.

1.   Create a qualified AI resource team within the institution so they can track AI developments in peer institutes, vendor implementations and research the use cases.

2. Understand own deployments, migration of data systems into the AI realm, define implementation road map and create necessary stakeholder education of the new systems that will come.

3.   Educational institutions should also work with boards, government agencies, and accreditation bodies to define a structured AI curriculum for higher courses. This may require an industry interface also. This combination will create a Special Interest Group -university-industry – regulator group that will work together in ensuring the best interests of all concerned.

4. Faculty training, student and parent education, and awareness programs in terms of how the implementation could affect them need to be made available. Privacy and security rights of all stakeholders are paramount and need to be protected. How the schools intend to ensure data protection as machines become more powerful and open to sharing, receiving data from remote tutors, servers dynamically need to be shared transparently.

The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) and the Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA) launched the AI for K-12 Working Group (AI4K12) to define for artificial intelligence what students should know and be able to do.

There are several such movements developing effective programs to deploy at various levels. These can help institutes understand better where AI is headed and how to ride this new technology wave to harness its full benefits.

Start your AI journey with Trigent

AI could well be the elephant in the classroom but if it’s a friendly elephant that can help enrich your life, you wouldn’t complain, would you?

At Trigent, we provide intuitive and easy to use AI solutions that ensuring seamless adoption of the latest technology. With the AI-powered tools from Trigent, you will be able to accelerate your digital transformation initiative in your organization successfully.

Want to know more? Get in touch with us for a quick consultation.

 References

  1. https://www.carnegielearning.com/why-cl/success-stories/
  2. https://www.duolingo.com/info
  3. http://contenttechnologiesinc.com/

AI Implementation Checklist – 5 Points to Evaluate Before Adopting AI in Your Organization

Artificial intelligence is now all around us in household gadgets as well as business workflows. AI adoption is rampant across sectors; the global artificial intelligence market is expected to reach $ 266.92 billion by 20271 at a CAGR of 33.2% during 2019-2027. Nearly half of the respondents who had participated in a survey confessed to being interested in AI implementation and machine learning to improve data quality.

No doubt, artificial intelligence is the proverbial genie that does everything we want it to do without even rubbing the magic lamp. But the lack of nuance and failure to spell out caveats can result in AI systems that will make us think twice before we wish for anything.

Believe it or not, misaligned AI can be a nightmare.

A classic case is YouTube2, with its AI-based content recommendation algorithms that led to users accusing it of radicalization. Its constant upping-the-ante approach led users to extreme content in a bid to maximize viewing time. So videos on vegetarianism led to veganism, and jogging searches resulted in ultramarathons. This unintentional polarizing and radicalizing highlights one significant challenge: we have yet to define the goals accurately for our AI systems!

The sad truth is that we don’t even know what we want, at least not from our autonomous systems and gadgets and other possessions. For instance, a self-driving car may be too slow and brake too often just the way it was designed to prevent itself from colliding with nearby objects. But the object could be as insignificant as a paper bag that was blown away by the wind.

What we need is goal-oriented AI born with a solid sense of purpose with excellent human-machine coordination. But only after you have answered the question- Do I really need AI?

Here’s is your ultimate AI implementation checklist

AI has ample scope in many sectors. AI can interact on your behalf with customers, as in the case of chatbots, or help healthcare providers diagnose cancer and other ailments. If leveraged well, it can help you turn a new leaf in critical interactions with your customers. Understanding the potential of AI and applying it to enhance critical business values can make a world of difference to your business. The key is to know where you stand and whether AI can help you attain your business goals.

Identify the purpose

Organizations with successful AI implementations are usually the ones that have assessed its financial impact or conducted a thorough risk analysis for AI projects. Having the right metrics in place gives you a sneak peek into the risks and benefits of AI implementation and how it would perform in those chosen areas. While it may not guarantee a positive ROI, it gives you a fair idea about what to expect. 

Accuracy, for instance, is an important metric, but it’s not enough to understand how well your AI systems are performing. You need to correlate  AI metrics to business outcomes to ensure you get the most out of your investments. 

The smart pricing tool created by Airbnb to eliminate pricing disparities between black hosts and white hosts presents a classic example. While the AI-based system performed the assigned tasks with precision, the business results fell short – widening the gap further by 20%. 

Appoint mixed-role teams for all AI initiatives

Those who have implemented AI successfully will tell you how crucial it is to build mixed-role teams comprising project managers, strategists, application designers, AI researchers, and data scientists to ensure a diversity of thought and skillsets. As per a Garnet Research Circle survey3, skills are the first barrier to AI adoption, and 56 percent of respondents believed new skills are required for new and existing jobs.

AI needs experts for it to evolve to its best version. TayTweets, a promising chatbot by Microsoft, was nothing but fun, and people loved talking to her. Until, of course, she became the nastiest chatbot ever in less than 24 hours, responding with offensive tweets. It demonstrates how horribly things can go wrong when AI and ML go awry when left unchecked.

Diversity in technical acumen enhances the value of AI to customers since the people working with AI know-how and where it should be used to have the most significant impact. Whether you want to hire new people or train existing ones for newer roles and responsibilities is something you will have to decide based on the business initiatives you have in mind.

Make a business case for AI

Businesses need AI for different reasons ranging from data security and fraud detection to supply chain management and customer support. You need to identify the use cases and applications to determine how AI can be effectively used. Organizations depend on AI to analyze contextual interaction data in real-time and compare it with historical data to get insights and recommendations.

Data plays a pivotal role in every aspect of a business. While a lot of emphases is placed on coding, math, and algorithms, many organizations are not able to apply the data acquired effectively in a business context. You will have to understand who you are building these solutions for and what technology framework you will require to do so.

As Moutusi Sau, principal research analyst at Gartner4, points out, “Business cases for AI projects are complex to develop as the costs and benefits are harder to predict than for most other IT projects. Challenges particular to AI projects include additional layers of complexity, opaqueness, and unpredictability that just aren’t found in other standard technology.”

Assess your AI maturity

It is impossible to arrive at a strategy without evaluating where you stand against the AI maturity model. Once you know it, you can decide the next steps. Typically, the AI maturity model has five levels:

Ø Level 1 – There is awareness in the organization, and AI implementation is being considered, but no concrete steps have been taken in that direction.

Ø Level 2 – AI is actively present in proofs of concept and pilot projects.

Ø Level 3 – AI is operational, and at least one AI project has made its way to production with a dedicated team and budget. 

Ø Level 4 – AI is part of new digital projects, and AI-powered applications are now an essential part of the business ecosystem.

Ø Level 5 – This should be the ultimate goal where AI is now ingrained in the organizational DNA and plays a transformative role for your business. 

Look beyond the hype

AI can cause ‘cultural anxiety’ as a significant shift in thought and behavior is necessary for successful AI adoption. A compelling story to help employees understand how AI would be beneficial to all is necessary to ease the resistance they might feel towards the change.  CIOs should recognize their fears and anxiety of the possibility of being replaced by machines and encourage an open dialogue with team members. This will build trust and help determine if the organization is ready for AI.

The hype around AI itself can sometimes be the biggest problem as organizations hurry to hop onto the AI bandwagon with insufficient understanding of its impact. Explains Whit Andrews, distinguished vice president analyst at Gartner, “AI projects face unique obstacles due to their scope and popularity, misperceptions about their value, the nature of the data they touch, and cultural concerns. To surmount these hurdles, CIOs should set realistic expectations, identify suitable use cases and create new organizational structures.” 

 AI to Impact

The biggest mistake organizations make when they invest in AI is that they have too many expectations and little understanding of AI capabilities. Rather than getting caught in the hype, you have to be realistic and evaluate its role critically in furthering your business objectives.

AI is an expensive investment that will give you good returns if you know how to use it. A lot of tools are good, but not every AI tool is suitable for your business. What you need is the right AI implementation strategy created with professional help from those who know AI like the back of their hand.

Adopt AI with Trigent

Artificial intelligence is a defining technology that can be successfully integrated into business workflows and applications. We at Trigent have been helping organizations from diverse sectors, including healthcare, retail, BFSI, and logistics, create AI operating models that are optimized for faster and effective outcomes. 

We can help you, too, with everything from strategy and implementation to maintenance and support.

Call us today to book a business consultation

References

  1. https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/industry-reports/artificial-intelligence-market-100114
  2. https://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10419/9404
  3. https://www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/3-barriers-to-ai-adoption/
  4. https://www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/how-to-build-a-business-case-for-artificial-intelligence/
Exit mobile version