UI Design: Wireframe, Mockup and Prototype

UI Design: Wireframe, Mockup and Prototype

There is a huge misconception about the actual meaning behind words such as wireframe, mockup, and prototype. They are considered by most as a method to show a design.

The UI design process

The UI design process goes from wireframing to mockups to prototyping, with variation in fidelity for each stage. The prototype is interactive while the wireframe and mockup are both static. Between wireframe and mockup, the wireframe is low-fidelity while mockup is high-fidelity.

UI Design Process

UI design different stage

Wireframe

The wireframe is the visual representation of the skeletal framework of a website. Wireframes can be a freehand drawing on a piece of paper or sketches on a whiteboard. It is the fastest way to get your idea ready for brainstorming. The wireframe depicts the page layout or arrangement of the website’s content, including interface elements and navigational systems, and how they work together. The wireframe lacks typographic style, color, or graphics since the main focus lies in functionality, behavior, and priority of content.

Wireframe

Wireframe rendered using Balsamiq

Tools:
Balsamiq
– List of free wireframing applications

Additional Resources:
– Wireframe Showcase
Dribbble

Mockup

Mockup provides high-fidelity, static, design representation. They are visually more appealing, has colors, fonts, text, images, logos etc., giving it final product look-and-feel. Mockups are useful to get early buy-in from a stakeholder. They are a good feedback-gatherer.

Mockup created based on wireframe

Mockup created based on wireframe

Tools:
– Adobe Photoshop/Illustrator
Sketch

Additional Resources:
250 best Photoshop resources
Freebiesbug
Dribbble
Photoshop Etiquette

Prototype

A prototype is a simulation of the final interaction between the user and the interface. It helps users to understand how the functionalities in an application will work. Prototypes help provide proof of concept, more importantly, expose any usability flaws that are not found during the wireframes and mockups stage.

Interactive Prototype

Interactive Prototype

Tools:
UXPin
InVision

Additional Resources:
ZURB Solidify
Pencil Project

Wireframe, mockup, and prototype have their own characteristics and usage scenarios in a specific stage. How they are used depends on specific requirements.

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Vinod Narayanan

Vinod Narayanan works with Trigent Software as Technical Lead (UI Development). Vinod has over ten years of experience in analysis, design and development, testing and implementation of web based applications. His areas of expertise include Responsive UI and SharePoint Branding.